Truck Accidents

Which Insurance Policies Apply To My Case?

Which Insurance Policies Apply To My Case?
Metier Law Firm

By Metier Law Firm

3 min read
When dealing with a case involving a trucking accident, multiple insurance policies may come into play. There could be separate policies for the driver, the truck, the trailer, and the cargo.

Truck Accident Attorney

Navigating Insurance Policies in Tractor-Trailer Accidents: A Comprehensive Guide

Which Insurance Policies Apply To My Case (2)In an accident involving a motor vehicle and a tractor-trailer, understanding the role of insurance and what policies apply is crucial. This not only helps victims grasp their options but also aids in maximizing the potential compensation. This blog post aims to clarify the types of insurance policies that may apply to such an accident and the damages they cover.

Understanding the Role of Insurance in Tractor-Trailer Accidents

Tractor-trailer accidents often result in severe damage due to the size and weight of these vehicles. As such, multiple insurance policies could come into play, covering different areas of liability and damage. Understanding these policies is paramount when pursuing compensation.

Policy 1: Trucking Company's Liability Insurance

Trucking companies are required by federal law (under the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration) to carry a minimum level of liability insurance. This is typically much higher than the minimum required for personal vehicles due to the potential for extensive damages in truck accidents. This policy covers damages caused by the truck driver's negligence.

Policy 2: Cargo Insurance

Cargo insurance covers the loss or damage to the cargo that a truck is carrying at the time of an accident. If the accident caused the cargo to be damaged or destroyed, this policy might apply.

Policy 3: Trailer Insurance

In some cases, the trailer being pulled by the truck might be owned by a different entity than the one owning the truck. In such situations, separate trailer insurance might apply, covering damages to the trailer itself.

Policy 4: Personal Auto Insurance

The victim's personal auto insurance may also play a role. Depending on the specifics of the policy, it may cover personal injury, property damage, or both. It can serve as an additional source of compensation if the damages exceed the trucking company's insurance coverage or if the trucking company disputes the claim.

Policy 5: Health Insurance

Health insurance can cover immediate medical treatment following the accident. However, it's important to note that health insurance companies often seek reimbursement from any settlement or judgment obtained from the at-fault party.

Policy 6: Underinsured/Uninsured Motorist Coverage

If the trucking company lacks sufficient insurance to cover the damages, or if they are operating illegally without insurance, the victim's underinsured or uninsured motorist coverage can be used to supplement the compensation.

Policy 7: Workers' Compensation Insurance

Which Insurance Policies Apply To My CaseIf the victim was working at the time of the accident (for example, as a delivery driver), workers' compensation insurance could apply. This insurance can cover medical expenses and a portion of lost wages, regardless of who was at fault for the accident.

Understanding What Damages the Policies Cover

The damages covered by these insurance policies can be broadly categorized into three types:

1. Property Damage

This refers to damage to the physical property, primarily the victim's vehicle, but it can also include other property damaged in the accident, such as cargo.

2. Bodily Injury

Bodily injury covers physical injuries to the victim. This includes immediate medical expenses, ongoing treatment costs, rehabilitation expenses, and future medical costs related to the accident.

3. Other Damages

Other potential damages include lost wages (if the victim is unable to work due to their injuries), loss of earning capacity (if the victim's ability to earn a living is permanently affected), and non-economic damages such as pain and suffering, emotional distress, and loss of enjoyment of life.

The Need for Skilled Legal Representation

Metier LogoUnderstanding and navigating the complex landscape of insurance policies in a tractor-trailer accident can be daunting. An experienced tractor-trailer accident attorney can guide you through this process, ensuring all potential sources of compensation are identified and pursued. If you or a loved one has been involved in a tractor-trailer accident, our team is here to help. We understand the complexities of insurance in these cases and can work tirelessly to secure the compensation you deserve. Contact us today for a free consultation.

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